It can describe a woman who appears, poses, or performs with at least her breasts exposed, such as a "topless model" or "topless dancer", or to an activity undertaken while not wearing a top, such as "topless sunbathing". It may indicate a designated location where one might expect to find women not wearing tops, such as a "topless beach" or "topless bar". It can also be used to describe a garment that is specifically designed to reveal the breasts, such as the "topless swimsuit" also known as the monokini designed by Rudi Gernreich in the s. Because of this, advocates of women's legal right to uncover their breasts wherever men may go bare-chested have adopted the alternative term " topfree ", which is not perceived to have these connotations. Two Wichita Native Americans in summer dress Traditional societies[ edit ] Attitudes towards toplessness have varied considerably across cultures and over time. The lack of clothing above the waist for both females and males was the norm in traditional cultures of North America, Africa, Australia and the Pacific Islands until the arrival of Christian missionaries, and it continues to be the norm in many indigenous cultures today.