Causes and risk factors of anal cancer Causes and risk factors of anal cancer Need to talk? It is slightly more common in women than men. Anal cancer has different risk factors. Having one or more of these risk factors does not mean you will definitely get anal cancer.
A risk factor is anything that affects your chance of getting a disease such as cancer. Different cancers have different risk factors. Some risk factors, like smoking or diet, can be changed. Several factors can affect your risk of anal cancer.