Lebensunwertes Leben , a Nazi designation for people who had no right to life. By then, the Jews were already confined to new ghettos and interned in Nazi concentration camps along with other targeted groups, including Roma, and the Soviet POWs. The adoption of the gassing technology by Nazi Germany was preceded by a wave of hands-on killings carried out by the SS Einsatzgruppen ,  who followed the Wehrmacht army during Operation Barbarossa on the Eastern Front. Responsibility for the logistics were to be executed by the programme administrator, Adolf Eichmann. Todeslagers were designed specifically for the systematic killing of people delivered en masse by the Holocaust trains. Johann Kremer , after witnessing the gassing of victims at Birkenau , wrote in his diary on 2 September
Pre-war camps[ edit ] The Dachau concentration camp was created for the purpose of holding political opponents. In time for Christmas of , roughly of the inmates were released as part of a pardoning action. The picture above depicts a speech by camp commander Theodor Eicke to prisoners who were about to be released. Use of the word "concentration" came from the idea of confining people in one place because they belong to a group that is considered undesirable in some way. The term itself originated in when the "reconcentration camps" were set up in Cuba by General Valeriano Weyler. In the past, the U.
Samuel Willenberg - Murder operations began there on December 8, , and continued intermittently until January The Jews of the Lodz ghetto and the vicinity were the primary victims deported to Chelmno, where they were murdered by means of gas vans. When the deportees reached the camp, they were ordered to undress, stripped of their belongings, and tricked into boarding a van whose exhaust pipe was actually connected to its interior.
Pinterest Children wearing concentration camp uniforms shortly after the liberation of Auschwitz by the Soviet army on 27 January It was predominantly used as a base for imprisoned labourers working for the German chemical company IG Farben. According to the Auschwitz-Birkenau memorial museum, an estimated 10, labourers are thought to have died there. Once they were judged incapable of work, most were killed with a phenol injection to the heart. The SS began to evacuate the camp in mid-January